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Common Pond Animals and Plants Sorted by Location

Table credit the Biology Department of King's College, Taunton, UK

Common Name

Feeding Type

Feeds on

Location

Drawfile

Latin name

Phylum

Class

Order

Canadian pondweed

Producer

Photosynthesis

Zone 5b

Elodea

Elodea canadensis

Angiosperms

Dicot

 

Curly leaved pondweed

Producer

Photosynthesis

Zone 5a

Curlyweed

Potamogeton crispus

Angiosperms

Monocot

 

Hornwort

Producer

Photosynthesis

Zone 5a

Hornwort

Ceratophyllum demersum

Angiosperms

Dicot

 

Water milfoil

Producer

Photosynthesis

Zone 5a

Milfoil

Myriophyllum species

Angiosperms

Dicot

 

Water starwort

Producer

Photosynthesis

Zone 5a

Starwort

Callitriche platycarpa

Angiosperms

Dicot

 

Bladderwort

Producer

Photosynthesis,insectivorous by bladder-traps

Zone 4

Bladderwor

Utricularia species

Angiosperms

Dicot

 

Duckweeds

Producer

Photosynthesis

Zone 4

Duckweeds

Lemna species

Angiosperms

Dicot

 

Frogbit

Producer

Photosynthesis

Zone 4

Frogbit

Hydrocharis morsus-ranae

Angiosperms

Dicot

 

Water cress

Producer

Photosynthesis

Zone 3

WaterCress

Rorippa amphibium

Angiosperms

Dicot

 

Water Crowfoot

Producer

Photosynthesis

Zone 3

Crowfoot

Ranunculus aquaticus

Angiosperms

Dicot

 

Water lily

Producer

Photosynthesis

Zone 3

Waterlily

Nymphaea alba

Angiosperms

Dicot

 

Arrowhead

Producer

Photosynthesis

Zone 2

Arrowhead

Sagittaria sagittifolia

Angiosperms

Monocot

 

Common reed

Producer

Photosynthesis

Zone 2

CommonReed

Phragmites australis

Angiosperms

Monocot

 

Reedmace

Producer

Photosynthesis

Zone 2

Reedmace

Typha angustifolia

Angiosperms

Monocot

 

Water plantain

Producer

Photosynthesis

Zone 2

WPlantain

Alisma plantago-aquatica

Angiosperms

Monocot

 

Yellow flag iris

Producer

Photosynthesis

Zone 1

FlagIris

Iris pseudacorus

Angiosperms

Monocot

 

Pond skater

Carnivore

Insects trapped on film

Water surface

PondSkater

Gerris species

Arthropod

Insect

Hemiptera

Water cricket

Carnivore

Insects on water film

Water surface

WtrCricket

Velia caprai

Arthropod

Insect

Hemiptera

Water measurer

Carnivore

Insects trapped on water film

Water surface

WaterMeasr

Hydrometra stagnorum

Arthropod

Insect

Hemiptera

Frog tadpole

Carnivore and Herbivore

Algae when young, later small inverts

Swimming, vegetation and bottom

Tadpoles

Rana tempora

Vertebrate

Amphibian

 

Three spined stickleback

Top Carnivore

Most small and medium inverts.

Swimming open water and vegetation

Sticklebac

Gasterosteus acculeatus

Vertebrata

Fish

 

Water spider

Carnivore

Most insects

Surface swimming to diving bell

WaterSpid

Argyroneta aquatica

Arthropod

Arachnides

 

Whirlygig beetle

Carnivore

Insects on the film

Surface but can dive

WhirlyGigB

Gyrindae species

Arthropod

Insect

Coleoptera

Heron

Top Carnivore

Frogs, fish and bigger inverts

Pond fringes and aerial

Heron

Ardea cinerea

Vertebrate

Bird

 

Frog adult

Carnivore

Insects

Pond edge, swimming and bottom

Frog

Rana tempora

Vertebrate

Amphibian

 

Great pond snail

Herbivore and detritivore

Algae, water plants and detritus

On vegetation, bottom and surface underside

Snails

Limnaea stagnalis

Mollusc

Gastropod

Limnaeidae

Great pond snail

Herbivore and detritivore

Algae, water plants and detritus

On vegetation, bottom and surface underside

Snails

Limnaea stagnalis

Mollusc

Gastropod

Limnaeidae

Ramshorn snail

Herbivore and detritivore

Algae, water plants and detritus

On vegetation and bottom

Snails

Planorbid species

Mollusc

Gastropod

Planorbidae

Wanderinmg snail

Herbivore and detritivore

Algae, water plants and detritus

On vegetation and bottom

Snails

Limnaea pergerer

Mollusc

Gastropod

Limnaeidae

Flatworms

Carnivore and scavenger

Small shrimps, worms and recently dead

On bottom in and under debris

Flatworm

Dugesia lugubris

Platyhelminthes

 

Tricladida

Water Scorpion

Carnivore

Mayfly and other larvae

Lurks in vegetation near surface

WaterScorp

Nepa cinerea

Arthropod

Insect

Hemiptera

Great diving beetle Adult

Top Carnivore

Depends on size, most inverts fish & tadpoles

Lurks in vegetation and debris, free swims

DivBeetleA

Dytiscus marginalis

Arthropod

Insect

Coleoptera

Great diving beetle Larva

Top Carnivore

Most inverts, small fish and tadpoles

Lurks in vegetation and debris

DivBeetleL

Dytiscuc marginalis

Arthropod

Insect

Coleoptera

Damselfly

Carnivore

Midge and other small larvae

Lurk in vegetation and debris

Damselfly

Agriidae species

Arthropod

Insect

Odonata

Water stick insect

Carnivore

Mayfly, midge larvae etc

Lurk in vegetation

WaterStick

Ranatra linearis

Arthropod

Insect

Hemiptera

Dragonfly (Nymph)

Top Carnivore

most invertebrates, small fish, tadpoles

Lurk in debris

Dragonfly,DrgFlyMth1,DrgFlyMth2,DrgFlyNym1

Aeshna species

Arthropod

Insect

Odonata

Freshwater shrimp

Detritivore

Decaying plant matter

In vegetation and debris

ShrimpFW

Gammarus pulex

Arthropod

Crustacean

Amphipoda

Freshwater mussel

Herbivore

Filter feeding on plancton

In mud at bottom

Snails

Unionidae species

Mollusc

Bivalve

Lamellibranchs

Tubifex worm (Mudworm)

Detritivore

Water contaminated with animal faeces

In mud

TubifexWrm

Tubifex species

Annelid

Oligochaeta

 

Water hoglouse

Detritivore

Decaying plant matter

In debris

Hoglouse

Asellus aquaticus

Arthropod

Crustacea

Isopoda

Mayfly nymph

Herbivore and detritivore

Algae and detritus

Hides in vegetation and debris

Mayfly

Cleon dipterum

Arthropod

Insect

Ephemoptera

Water mites

Carnivore

Water fleas and other small inverts

Free swimmers and attach to host

WaterMite

Hydracarina species

Arthropod

Arachnides

Hydracarina

Saucer bug

Carnivore

Insect larvae and nymphs

Free swimmer but visits surface

SaucerBug

Ilyocoris cimicoides

Arthropod

Insect

Hemiptera

Cyclops

Herbivore and detritivore

Algae and small paryicles of detritus

Free swimmer

Cyclops

Cyclops strenuus

Arthropod

Crustacean

Copepoda

Water flea

Herbivore and detritivore

Algae and small particles of detritus

Free swimmer

WaterFlea

Daphnia species

Arthropod

Crustacea

Cladocera

Leech horse

Carnivore

Worms, snails and shrimps

Feeds on prey by suck attachment also swims

Leech

Haemopis sanguisuga

Annelid

Hirudinea

 

Mosquito larve/pupae

Herbivore, detritivore

Algae and small detritus particles

Diving from surface underside

MosquitoLv

Anopheles species

Arthropod

Insect

Diptera

Water boatman

Top Carnivore

Invertebrates, small fish and tadpoles

Dives from surface underside

Boatman1,Boatman2

Notonecta glauca

Arthropod

Insect

Hemiptera

Water boatman (lesser)

Detritivore and herbivore

Small detritus particles and algae

Dives from surface underside

Boatmanles

Corixa Species

Arthropod

Insect

Hemiptera

Caddis fly larvae

Carnivore, herbivore and detritivore

Varied food, detritus & some small animals

Bottom crawler

Caddis1, Caddis2

Limnophilus species

Arthropod

Insect

Trichoptera

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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