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CHEMISTRY - - Page 2 of 3 pages
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PAGE 1 INDEX:  i.  Chemistry Books  1. Introduction  2.  Matter  3. Elements  4. Laws & Theories  5. Combinations of Elements

PAGE 2 INDEX:   6. Applied Chemistry  7. Study Online  8. Math for Chemistry  9. Naming Inorganic Compounds  10. Computer Based Laboratory  11. Safety First  12. Start Learning  13. Ph Indicators Chart  14. Chemistry Terms  15. Spectroscopy  16. Chemistry LINKS-1   17.  Chemistry Links-2

Use you browser's "Find on this page" capability to search for words this page.  
Usually Ctrl + F will work

6.  APPLY CHEMISTRY TO EVERYDAY LIFE: The study of science as a mental exercise is not very useful.  Applying science knowledge to practical everyday problems is the main purpose in studying any science; chemistry, physics, biology, or mathematics; for example.   Discover how chemicals are used in industry, medicine, farming and in the home through the study of applied chemistry - http://www.my-edu2.com/ Start looking at labels of common household chemicals to see what they contain.  As you become familiar with the elements and their combinations you will recognize the chemical names that may seem strange sounding at first.  Learn about various occupations that require a knowledge of chemistry.  Would chemistry be important to pharmacists, physicians, nurses, farmers, product developers, etc.?  Why?

Javascript Page Test
International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry
IUPAC Nomenclature Home Page
Kluwer Academic Publishers - Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry
Curtin Department of Applied Chemistry Home Page
Please go to http://www.rmit.edu.au/appchem
Dekker.com - JOURNAL OF MACROMOLECULAR SCIENCE®, Part A—Pure Pure & Applied Chemistry @ the University of Strathclyde


1. Introduction  2.  Matter  3. Elements  4. Laws & Theories  5. Combinations of Elements Study these topics then write a paper in your own words on each one to document you studies and findings.  Include graphs and diagrams when necessary to aid in the explanation of the topics.  That is what learning is all about.  Your papers will be a valuable resource later.

8.  MATHEMATICS FOR CHEMISTRY - Mathematics is important to all the sciences.   A working knowledge of the metric system is a must. Basic math skills to include algebra and some trigonometry will be most helpful.  You can obtain a basic understanding of chemistry without mathematics but serious work demands it.  Later the calculus will enable you to understand complicated processes and express them in terms understandable to any scientist.  Mathematics may seem hard at first but as you study it over time you will find it enjoyable as you learn how it can make complicated issues easy to understand.  See our mathematics section.  Also see Math Resources for Chemistry - (http://learn.chem.vt.edu/user/long/chemath/chemath.html) .  Additional information is available HERE - (http://tqd.advanced.org/2923/baxic/html .   Also check out our list of calculators for sale. Texas Instruments handheld calculators connected to a CBL interface can collect laboratory data for further manipulation or transfer to a desktop computer.   The CBL kit Includes 3 probes: temperature, light, and voltage.  There are five channels for data collection to Measure motion, temperature, light,  pH, force, EKG, dissolved oxygen, and more with appropriate probes.  Also, impact resistant carrying/storage case, comprehensive guidebook, and a workbook with 21 experiments/activities for math, physics, and chemistry.  

Dimensional Analysis, Units, Significant Figures, Scientific Notation, Accuracy and Precision, Ratio and Proportion, Graphing, Graphing Calculators, Spreadsheets, Prealgebra, Algebra, Miscellaneous

Significant Numbers - Audio - http://www.accd.edu/nvc/areas/chem/Audio/Lessonettes/SigFigs.mov

Laboratory Math - Solutions/dilutions/Molar, etc .Lab arithmetic, unit conversions, calibration curves

Texas Instruments TI89 Advanced Graphing Calculator
For more information on this unique capability; click HERE - (www.ti.com).  Laboratory simulation software allows a very safe way to experience chemistry laboratory procedures on a computer.  

Texas Instruments TI92 Plus Graphing Calculator
The TI-92 is the best scientific calculator available today!

Download a free evaluation copy of "ChemLab"  HERE - (http://modelscience.com) 


Link: http://www.fordhamprep.org/gcurran/sho/sho/lessons/lesson54.htm

Link: http://www.geocities.com/CapeCanaveral/Lab/1643/namecompounds.html

Naming of Inorganic Compounds
Naming Inorganic Compounds
Naming Inorganic Compounds
Rules for Naming Inorganic Compounds
Rules for naming inorganic compounds
Naming Inorganic Compounds
Naming Inorganic Compounds
Rules for Naming Inorganic Compounds
Naming Inorganic Compounds
Rules for naming inorganic compounds
Naming Inorganic Compounds - ticalc.org
Formula writing
IUPAC nomenclature of inorganic chemistry - Wikipedia, the free
[PDF] CHEM 177 Naming Compounds 1 Naming Inorganic Compounds 1. metal 
Naming Inorganic Compounds
[PPT] Experiment 3 Nomenclature of Compounds
Inorganic Chemistry - Pathfinder
[PDF] Flow Chart for Naming Simple Inorganic Compounds The flowchart is
[PDF] The Modern View of Atomic Structure The Modern View of Atomic

Names of common acids and their salts follow these simple rules:
-ic acids form -ate salts - for example sulfuric acid forms sulfate salts.
-ous acids form -ite salts - for example sulfurous acid forms sulfite salts.
hydro-(stem)-ic acids form -ide salts - for example hydrochloric acid forms chloride salts.

10. Computer Based Laboratory 

Features - CBL
Computer-Based Technology and Learning
Computer-based Laboratory
Computer-Based Laboratory
JUG:010A Computer Based Laboratory
Hazards Control Computer Assisted Instruction for External ...
Effects of Computer-based Laboratory Ins... (Abstract) [AACE ...

11.  SAFETY FIRST - Chemistry experiments should be done in a controlled, carefully supervised environment such as a school lab (laboratory) or learning center lab unless specifically designed to be safe as a home experiment.  Children must be constantly supervised by  informed responsible adults educated in lab safety.  Never work alone.  If you plan on doing any experiments of any kind, pay particular attention to all cautions regarding safety. Have a good fire extinguisher charged and accessible at all times, have everyone in the lab including yourself wear a certified lab apron, protective gloves, safety goggles, and keep plenty of water and paper towels handy for clean up.  Keep your work area neat and clean at all times.  Know and post your local fire, police, ambulance, and poison control phone numbers.  Keep a detailed and dated lab notebook of all your activities. Chemicals and even simple lab procedures can become dangerous quickly.  Make safety considerations a first priority.  If you are concerned with the safety of an experiment, don't do it.  If you are not sure of the outcome of an experiment, don't perform it.  Dispose of all chemicals properly.  If you don't know  the proper chemical disposal procedure, ask the lab supervisor or don't do the experiment.  Be careful and always know what the experiments expected results will be.  You don't want any unexpected surprises.  Remember the object of your effort is to observe our wonderful physical and chemical world, learn more about how complicated it is, how it works, and to wonder why.  Not sure?  Then be safe and don't experiment physically; do them mentally or with computer simulation software.   Don't take any risks.

Laboratory Safety Guideline
Online Safety Course

The Laboratory Safety Institute Lab Safety Video Rental Training 
HHMI Office of Laboratory Safety
The Howe High School Science Lab
The science curriculum has moved
Laboratory and Chemical Safety
OSU Laboratory Safety Manual
High School Lab Safety Credits Page
Lab Safety

12.  START
Click on the following links then use your browser back button to return here.  Remember to check the book list for your textbooks and study guides.  


Thoughts on How to Learn Chemistry

Key2Understanding's Chemistry Zone - the place to learn chemistry

Chemistry and You : learn chemistry

Chemistry Study Skills

ThinkQuest : Library : Chemistry

Chemistry Learning Center

Vol 14: Learning Chemistry through Design and Construction (Article)

Chemistry Merit Program, Department of Chemistry

Systemic Approach In Teaching and Learning Chemistry For 21st Century

Distance Learning - Chemistry Distance Education - Online

ELUSIVE PARTICLE FOUND / Antineutrinos may help scientists learn

Chemistry and You : chemistry educational resources

learn chemistry on 43 Things

Lesson 1-1 An Introduction to Chemistry

Virginia Tech Chemistry Learning Center

7 July 2005: Learn chemistry, fight malaria

ie-Chemistry Menu




Basics http://www.ecu.edu/chem/glassblowing/gb.htm

pH INDICATORS CHART  (Note: This is a large table so please wait for it to load. Thanks.)

Gray blocks indicate approximate pH range where the indicator is changing color.

Indicator                                      0.0 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 8.0 9.0 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. Preparation                       
Methyl Violet 0.0-1.6                                              .01-.05% in water
Crystal Violet 0.0-1.8                                              .02% in water
Ethyl Violet 0.0-2.4                                              .1g 50% methanol/water
Malachite Green 0.2-1.8                               water
Methyl Green 0.2-1.8                                   .1% in water
Cresol Red .04-1.8                                   ammonia/water
Thymol Blue 1.2-2.8                               ammonia/water
Bromophenol Blue 3.0-4.6                               ammonia/water
Congo Red 3.0-5.0                               .1% in water
Methyl Orange 3.2-4.4                               .01% in water
Resorcin Blue 4.4-6.2                               .2% ethanol
Alzarin Red S 4.6-6.0                               water
Methyl Red 4.8-6.0                               ethanol/water
Litmus 5.0-8.0                               water
Bromoceresol Purple 5.2-6.8                               ammonia/water
Chrophenol Red 5.2-6.8                               ammonia/water
Bromothymol Blue 6.0-7.6                               ammonia/water
Phenol Red 6.6-8.0                               ammonia/water
Neutral Red 6.8-8.0                               ethanol/water
Tumaric Curcumin 7.4-8.6                               ethanol
Phenolphthalein 8.2-10.0                             ethanol/water
Thymophthalein 9.4-10.6                               ethanol/water
Alzarin Yellow R 10.1-12.0                               .01% in water
Clayton Yellow 12.2-13.2                               .1% in water

The pH chart above is available HERE on a separate page for printing.

If you see a value, like pH, or pKa, then it's a log.  Otherwise it is most likely a powers of ten value.

 pH Calculator:  http://www.orpelectrode.com/Support/phcal.htm

How pH Indicators work http://www.chemguide.co.uk/physical/acidbaseeqia/indicators.html

Understanding pH: http://www.coscosci.com/lab/ph.htm

Acid Base Indicators http://www.carlton.paschools.pa.sk.ca/chemical/equilibrium/abindicators.htm

Activities in pH: http://www.iit.edu/~smile/ch9310.html

Indicator pH Range Quantity per 10 ml Acid Base
Thymol Blue 1.2-2.8 1-2 drops 0.1% soln. in aq. red yellow
Pentamethoxy red 1.2-2.3 1 drop 0.1% soln. in 70% alc. red-violet colorless
Tropeolin OO 1.3-3.2 1 drop 1% aq. soln. red yellow
2,4-Dinitrophenol 2.4-4.0 1-2 drops 0.1% soln. in 50% alc. colorless yellow
Methyl yellow 2.9-4.0 1 drop 0.1% soln. in 90% alc. red yellow
Methyl orange 3.1-4.4 1 drop 0.1% aq. soln. red orange
Bromphenol blue 3.0-4.6 1 drop 0.1% aq. soln. yellow blue-violet
Tetrabromphenol blue 3.0-4.6 1 drop 0.1% aq. soln. yellow blue
Alizarin sodium sulfonate 3.7-5.2 1 drop 0.1% aq. soln. yellow violet
a-Naphthyl red 3.7-5.0 1 drop 0.1% soln. in 70% alc. red yellow
p-Ethoxychrysoidine 3.5-5.5 1 drop 0.1% aq. soln. red yellow
Bromcresol green 4.0-5.6 1 drop 0.1% aq. soln. yellow blue
Methyl red 4.4-6.2 1 drop 0.1% aq. soln. red yellow
Bromcresol purple 5.2-6.8 1 drop 0.1% aq. soln. yellow purple
Chlorphenol red 5.4-6.8 1 drop 0.1% aq. soln. yellow red
Bromphenol blue 6.2-7.6 1 drop 0.1% aq. soln. yellow blue
p-Nitrophenol 5.0-7.0 1-5 drops 0.1% aq. soln. colorless yellow
Azolitmin 5.0-8.0 5 drops 0.5% aq. soln. red blue
Phenol red 6.4-8.0 1 drop 0.1% aq. soln. yellow red
Neutral red 6.8-8.0 1 drop 0.1% soln. in 70% alc. red yellow
Rosolic acid 6.8-8.0 1 drop 0.1% soln. in 90% alc. yellow red
Cresol red 7.2-8.8 1 drop 0.1% aq. soln. yellow red
a-Naphtholphthalein 7.3-8.7 1-5 drops 0.1% soln. in 70% alc. rose green
Tropeolin OOO 7.6-8.9 1 drop 0.1% aq. soln. yellow rose-red
Thymol blue 8.0-9.6 1-5 drops 0.1% aq. soln. yellow blue
Phenolphthalein 8.0-10.0 1-5 drops 0.1% soln. in 70% alc. colorless red
a-Naphtholbenzein 9.0-11.0 1-5 drops 0.1% soln. in 90% alc. yellow blue
Thymolphthalein 9.4-10.6 1 drop 0.1% soln. in 90% alc. colorless blue
Nile blue 10.1-11.1 1 drop 0.1% aq. soln. blue red
Alizarin yellow 10.0-12.0 1 drop 0.1% aq. soln. yellow lilac
Salicyl yellow 10.0-12.0 1-5 drops 0.1% soln. in 90% alc. yellow orange-brown
Diazo violet 10.1-12.0 1 drop 0.1% aq. soln. yellow violet
Tropeolin O 11.0-13.0 1 drop 0.1% aq. soln. yellow orange-brown
Nitramine 11.0-13.0 1-2 drops 0.1% soln in 70% alc. colorless orange-brown
Poirrier's blue 11.0-13.0 1 drop 0.1% aq. soln. blue violet-pink
Trinitrobenzoic acid 12.0-13.4 1 drop 0.1% aq. soln. colorless orange-red


Primary References:
Lange's Handbook of Chemistry, 8th Edition, Handbook Publishers Inc., 1952.
Volumetric Analysis, Kolthoff & Stenge, Interscience Publishers, Inc., New York, 1942 and 1947.


MAKE YOUR OWN Ph BUFFERS  http://www.bi.umist.ac.uk/users/mjfrbn/buffers/makebuf.asp

pH Tutorial Launch Pad
Basic pH Tutorial
Acids & Bases Problem Set
pH Tutorial
Acid, Base, and pH Tutorial
pH Tutorial
Science Junction - Water What Ifs pH Tutorial
Miami Museum of Science: The pH Factor
Acids and Bases
Redox Eq Acidic/ Basic
Soil Testing
Pool Care

If you are using an electronic pH meter here is some useful information concerning probe care and calibration.

You can make your own pH calibration/buffer solutions as follows.

For short-term storage (up to 24 hours) place the electrode in pH-4 or pH-7 buffer solution.  For long-term storage (more than 24 hours) Store the electrode in a buffer pH-4/KCl storage solution.  You can prepare a storage solution by adding 10 g of solid potassium chloride (KCl) to 100 mL of buffer pH-4 solution. By storing the electrode in this solution, the reference portion of the electrode is kept moist. Keeping the reference junction moist adds to electrode life and retains electrode response time when the unit is placed back into use.   If the electrode is inadvertently stored dry (NOT RECOMMENDED!), soak the probe in a pH-4 or pH-7 solution for a minimum of eight hours prior to service. The pH Electrode can be cleaned with a light dishwashing detergent solution. For heavy deposits the electrode may be carefully cleaned with a 0.1 molar solution of HCl for no more than 30 seconds, then washed in a light detergent solution. Immediately after cleaning, rinse the electrode in pure distilled water. If the electrode still fails to calibrate properly, or responds slowly, electrode replacement is recommended. Mold growth in the buffer/KCl storage solution can be prevented by adding a commercial growth inhibitor. This mold will not harm the electrode and can easily be removed using a light detergent solution.  Do not use the electrode in solutions containing perchlorate, silver, or sulfide ions.  Do not use it in hydrofluoric acid or in acid or base solutions with a concentration greater than 1.0 molar. The electrode may be used to measure the pH of sodium hydroxide solutions with a concentration near 1.0 molar, but should not be left in this concentration of sodium hydroxide for periods longer than 5 minutes. Using or storing the electrode at very high temperatures or very low temperatures (near 0°C) can damage it beyond repair.

How to Make Red Cabbage Juice pH Indicator - Acid Base Chemistry
General Chemistry Online: FAQ: Acids and bases: What household
Chemistry : Indicators, pH & Litmus
PH indicator - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Cabbage Chemistry
Edible Chemistry
Newton's Apple: Teacher's Guides
Natural pH-Indicators
CHEMISTRY - The Acidic Environment
Chemistry ~ Nasco
004 pH Indicators
MTU Chemistry Department
Visualization of enzyme-catalyzed reactions using pH indicators
Show Number 1002 Household Chemistry
Miami Museum of Science-The pH Factor/Indicators
Make a Cabbage Juice pH Indicator
Edible Chemistry: Common Foods as pH Indicators
[PDF] Evaluating and Using Natural pH Indicators#24 pH Indicators — Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry
Singapore Science Centre: ScienceNet|Physical Sciences|Analytical 
Fish Tank Chemistry
Chemistry : Indicators, pH & Litmus
GCSE Notes on pH, ACIDS, BASES and SALTS - at Doc Brown's
Student Abstracts: ORNL - Chemistry
[PDF] Chem App_wk_4pdf.qxd
The use of pH indicators to identify suitable environments for
PDF] Indic ator Sponge
Chemistry: Acid, Bases, and Indicators
pH pens and chlorophenol red
Acid-Base Indicators - pH Chemistry
BC Education -Chemistry 11 and 12 - Acids, Bases, And Salts
Chemistry ExperimentsGCSE CHEMISTRY Titration Indicator - pH meter - Acid Alkali 
ChemLab - Chemistry 3/5 - Unknown Solutions - Appendix



More links to www.chemtutor.com

Compounds - Naming compounds and writing chemical formulas of small compounds.
Reactions - Writing simple chemical equations and types of reaction.
Mols - Mols, stoichiometry, and percentages.
Oxidation and Reduction Reactions - Redox reactions and electrochemistry
Gases - Gases and the gas laws.
Solutions - Solutions and suspensions.
Acids and bases - Acids and bases.


Chemistry TERMS explained


Organic Chemistry TERMS -

It is most important to be able to understand scientific words and terms when reading technical material.  An excellent "Life Sciences" and chemical resource is available at the Bio-Tech web site sponsored by the University of Texas at Austin and by Indiana University - (http://biotech.icmb.utexas.edu/).  Please visit their site and you will see why we rate them .        

The Chemistry "Acronym" database



Indiana University Science Libraries
Bloomington, IN 47405
Phone: (812)  855-9452   Fax: (812)  855-6611, Email:Wiggins@Indiana.edu

Also, try the "Common Compund Library"  - (http://antonie.frostburg.edu/chem/senese/101/compounds/library.shtml) 


14.  WWW Chemistry LINKS UPDATED


15.  More - WWW Chem Links 


Symmetry and Spectroscopy : An Introduction to Vibrational and Electronic Spectroscopy (BOOK)



NEW ITEM!!!  Spreadsheet Applications in Chemistry Using Microsoft Excel
Dermot Diamond / Paperback & Diskette / 256 pages / 1997
Item Number - 450093

Excellent book for practical chemists, researches, and students.
This book provides condensed and current information not only on chemistry related subjects, but biology, biochemistry, and many more. It has very good cross references. I think anybody who decided to buy Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary would not regret it.


Also see the "Life Sciences" dictionary on the101science.com  Biology page, paragraph 12. 

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