Learn physics, science, chemistry, biology, math, astronomy, and electronics. A free science PORTAL to more than 20,000 science sites.  Go To:  http://www.101science.com  -  Your internet science directory and learning center.

Choose a subject for the list below or just browse down the page for details.

Atoms *Electronics Newton's Laws Scalars & Vectors
Barometer - Calculator Equations Momentum Sound
Bernoulli Experiments Motion Speed
Books on Physics Forces Nuclear Physics Standard Model
Calculators Formulas Terminology String Theory

Central Theories

Fringe Theories

Overview

Sub fields

Concepts

General Physics

Parallel Worlds

Tables

Data Sheets/Constants Gravity

Particles

Terminology

Decibel Scale

Heat Physics World Mag. Theories-Proposed

Demonstrations

History

Planck's Quantum

Torque
Density

Introduction

Quantum Entanglement

Tutor - Physics

Directions-Future

Learn Physics 

Quantum Mechanics

Tutorials
Einstein

Light

Reading *Transistors
Electricity

*Links - Physics

Reference

Velocity/Acceleration

Electromagnetic Spectrum

MathCAD   Related /Fields  

What is Physics?

Energy Methods   Relativity Work

MIT Physics - A Must See Video


 The Ultimate Physics Tutor!

BOOKS

 DVD's 



FREE PHYSICS VIDEOS

  1. Introduction to motion
  2. Introduction to motion (part 2)
  3. Introduction to motion (part 3)
  4. Projectile motion (part 1)
  5. Projectile motion (part 2)
  6. Projectile motion (part 3)
  7. Projectile motion (part 4)
  8. Projectile motion (part 5)
  9. Projectile motion (part 6)
  10. Projectile motion (part 7)
  11. Projectile motion (part 8)
  12. Projectile motion (part 9)
  13. Projectile motion (part 10)
  14. 2 dimensional projectile motion (part 1)
  15. 2 dimensional projectile motion (part 2)
  16. 2-dimensional projectile motion (part 3)
  17. 2 dimensional projectile motion part 4
  18. 2-dimensional projectile motion part 5
  19. Optimal angle for a projectile part 1
  20. Optimal angle for a projectile part 2 - Hangtime
  21. Optimal angle for a projectile part 3 - Horizontal distance as a function of angle (and speed)
  22. Optimal angle for a projectile part 4 Finding the optimal angle and distance with a bit of calculus
  23. Newton's First Law of Motion
  24. Newton's Second Law of Motion
  25. Newton's Third Law of Motion
  26. Newton's Laws Problems (part 1)
  27. Newton's Laws Examples (part 2)
  28. Newton's Laws
  29. Newton's Laws and vectors
  30. Force with Vectors
  31. Introduction to Tension
  32. Tension (part 2)
  33. Mass on Inclined Plane
  34. Introduction to friction
  35. Friction on an inclined plane
  36. A more complicated friction/inclined plane problem
  37. Tension in an accelerating system and pie in the face
  38. Moving pulley problem (part 1)
  39. Moving pulley problem (part 2)
  40. Introduction to Momentum
  41. Momentum: Ice skater throws a ball
  42. 2-dimensional momentum problem
  43. 2-dimensional momentum problem (part 2)
  44. Introduction to work and energy
  45. Work and Energy (part 2)
  46. Conservation of Energy
  47. Work/Energy problem with Friction
  48. Introduction to mechanical advantage
  49. Mechanical Advantage (part 2)
  50. Mechanical Advantage (part 3)
  51. Center of Mass
  52. Introduction to Torque
  53. Moments
  54. Moments (part 2)
  55. Unit Vector Notation
  56. Unit Vector Notation (part 2)
  57. Projectile Motion with Unit Vectors
  58. Projectile Motion with Unit Vectors (part 2)
  59. Projectile Motion with Ordered Set Notation
  60. Introduction to centripetal acceleration (part 1)
  61. Centripetal Acceleration (part 2)
  62. Centripetal Acceleration (part 3)
  63. Visual Proof: a= v^2/r
  64. Calculus Proof that a=v^2/r
  65. Introduction to angular velocity
  66. Conservation of angular momemtum
  67. Introduction to Newton's Law of Gravitation
  68. Gravitation (part 2)
  69. Intro to springs and Hooke's Law
  70. Potential energy stored in a spring
  71. Spring potential energy example (mistake in math)
  72. Introduction to Harmonic Motion
  73. Harmonic Motion Part 2 (calculus)
  74. Harmonic Motion Part 3 (no calculus)
  75. Fluids (part 1)
  76. Fluids (part 2)
  77. Fluids (part 3)
  78. Fluids (part 4)
  79. Fluids (part 5)
  80. Fluids (part 6)
  81. Fluids (part 7)
  82. Fluids (part 8)
  83. Fluids (part 9)
  84. Fluids (part 10)
  85. Fluids (part 11)
  86. Fluids (part 12)
  87. Thermodynamics (part 1)
  88. Thermodynamics (part 2)
  89. Thermodynamics (part 3)
  90. Thermodynamics (part 4)
  91. Thermodynamics (part 5)
  92. Electrostatics (part 1): Introduction to Charge and Coulomb's Law
  93. Electrostatics (part 2)
  94. Proof (Advanced): Field from infinite plate (part 1)
  95. Proof (Advanced): Field from infinite plate (part 2)
  96. Electric Potential Energy
  97. Electric Potential Energy (part 2-- involves calculus)
  98. Voltage
  99. Capacitance
  100. Circuits (part 1)
  101. Circuits (part 2)
  102. Circuits (part 3)
  103. Circuits (part 4)
  104. Cross product 1
  105. Cross Product 2
  106. Cross Product and Torque
  107. Introduction to Magnetism
  108. Magnetism 2
  109. Magnetism 3
  110. Magnetism 4
  111. Magnetism 5
  112. Magnetism 6: Magnetic field due to current
  113. Magnetism 7
  114. Magnetism 8
  115. Magnetism 9: Electric Motors
  116. Magnetism 10: Electric Motors
  117. Magnetism 11: Electric Motors
  118. Magnetism 12: Induced Current in a Wire
  119. The dot product
  120. Dot vs. Cross Product
  121. Calculating dot and cross products with unit vector notation
  122. Introduction to Waves
  123. Amplitude, Period, Frequency and Wavelength of Periodic Waves
  124. Introduction to the Doppler Effect
  125. Doppler effect formula for observed frequency
  126. Doppler effect formula when source is moving away
  127. When the source and the wave move at the same velocity
  128. Mach Numbers

Introduction to Physics - Read First Please

Physics JAVA LINKS

PAGE 2 INDEX:   8. Reference  9. Real Video  10. Books
Physics WWW LINKS page.
Physics Tutorials (All levels)  More Tutorials


Introduction:   

Welcome to our  physics learning page.  We are very excited about our  physics page as we believe it will remove some of the "mystery of physics" and make it much easier to learn.  To study Physics we suggest you start with our chemistry page to learn about the atom, molecular structure and the elements.  Then turn your attention to mathematics, electronics, biology, microscopy, and space.  You will then have a good background to learn about physics.  We won't repeat material on this physics page that is covered elsewhere at 101science.com.  The world wide web physics links have been moved to our new physics links page.  Be sure to check them out as there is much to be learned there also.  

Why is physics so hard for many students?  We feel much of the problem is that examples are often not clearly and fully explained and the student is not given enough time to figure out the unexplained part on their own.  We think a better way is to explain every detail of an example.  The student then feels better about themselves because they can immediately apply the learned information to other problems. Why frustrate a student with an example that is not fully explained?  We don't think it improves the learning process although some disagree. 

Learn Physics NOW online FREE and EASY http://library.thinkquest.org/10796/

A WONDERFUL PHYSICS SITE: Hyper Physics http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/hframe.html

STANFORD UNIVERSITY VIRTUAL PHYSICS SITE http://www2.slac.stanford.edu/vvc/Default.htm

Centrifugal Force Lasers
Electrostatics Material Science
Energy Pressure
Gravity Sound
Inertia Thermal Conductivity

1-D Kinematics
Newton's Laws
Vectors - Motion and Forces in Two Dimensions
Momentum and Its Conservation
Work, Energy, and Power
Circular Motion and Satellite Motion
Einstein's Theory of Special Relativity
Static Electricity
Current Electricity
Waves
Sound Waves and Music
Light Waves and Color
Reflection and the Ray Model of Light
Refraction and the Ray Model of Light

WHAT IS PHYSICS?

Physics is about; mass, motion, force, vectors (length & direction), velocity, gravity, light, energy, time and space. These are all physical things that can be measured.  To simplify your thinking about physics (Our whole purpose here is to simplify physics for you) just remember that these measurable quantities can be specified with just four basic dimensions:

1. MASS    2. LENGTH   3. TIME    4. ELECTRIC CHARGE

FORCE AND MOTION

Motion

Forces

Work

Newton's First Law of Motion

Force and Its Representation


Newton's Second Law of Motion

Newton's Third Law of Motion

 

Shockwave Physics
Physics 2000
Physics Classroom
Fear of Physics
Sport Science
Speed Machines
Projectile Motion
iknowthat.com - Projectiles
Engineer It
Energy Quest

Physics Classroom - Newton's Laws
Amusement Park Physics
Travel Channel Theme Parks
Funderstanding
Travel Channel - Build A Coaster
Building Big
Junkyard Wars Fun
Principles of Aeronautics
NobelPrize.org Physics Activities
GMAbility Fuel Cells
Newton's Castle

 

Speed is the distance traveled divided by the time of travel.  For example; if you were to travel a distance of 10 miles in 2 hours time, then your average speed equals 5 miles per hour.  

s=d/t       (s=speed,  d=distance,  t=time, and the / means to divide)

The word velocity is very similar to speed (except velocity also has a direction called a vector) and in most cases we will now use the letter "v" to describe speed.  So the formula becomes v=d/t.   Most textbooks bold face the units that also contain direction information.  All quantities that are not vectors are called scalars.  Time is a scalar quantity.

The WWW links on this site will take you directly to the various web site pages.  Your browser URL address line will tell you the origin of the site and it's material.

Let's talk a moment about unit conversions.  It makes little difference what set of units you use.  The distance for example could be in miles, feet, or meters.  Just be sure that you do the proper conversions.  Or, use a simple online unit converter HERE or a more detailed professional converter HERE.  Also, be sure the units agree with one another.  For example; Don't mix miles and meters in the same formula.  See our mathematics page for more information.  Physicists use the SI system of measurement which uses meters as the basic length unit.  In most cases it is much simpler to do calculations with SI units.  If your distance is in meters and the time is in seconds then your speed answer will be meters per second.  Makes perfect sense.  Just do some thinking about the units your using.  Yes, physics requires you to think.  That's something you do all the time and it is not difficult.

A very good PHYSICS REFERENCE http://www.alcyone.com/max/reference/physics/index.html page provides an understanding of how these units are related to physics.  Check it out.

Acceleration is a change (difference) in speed divided by the time it takes to make the change.   

a=(v1-v0)/t  

If a car takes 10 seconds of time (t) to increase its speed from 30 meters per hour (v0) to 50 meters per hour (v1) it's acceleration (a) would be; 2 meters per hour, per second.  

If an object starts at rest then the velocity (v0) at that time is zero.  If you need to find an unknown change of speed then the formula becomes (v1-v0)=at.  This formula transformation follows the simple rules of algebra.

Acceleration demonstration http://www.mip.berkeley.edu/physics/A+0+0.html

Force demonstration. http://www.mip.berkeley.edu/physics/A+14+0.html

The Strong Force; an Explanation - The Standard Model
Introduction of everyday forces and quarks, leptons, boson's, fundamental particles and other issues.
From Cornell University: Professors Sadoff, Hine.

 

Some GREAT JAVA Applets http://www.falstad.com/mathphysics.html

Nuclear Physics

School of Physics--Tutorial
DOLORES GENDE: PHYSICS TUTORIALS
LHS Physics Links
Open Directory - Science: Physics: Education: Tutorials
Physics Links Page
PHY 112: PHYSICS II - CHAPTER 30: Nuclear Physics and Radioactivity
Physics Web Resources
Nuclear Physics and Tomography
The World-Wide Web Virtual Library: Nuclear Physics
Nuclear physics
Nuclear Physics
www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/03759474
Physical Review C
Nuclear Physics: Past, Present and Future
Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle PhysicsThe ABC's of Nuclear Science

Physics - Nuclear Terminology

The Language of the Nucleus, on-line edition.
The world's largest nuclear glossary. http://glossary.dataenabled.com/

See out Terminology page for more including physics.

Learn physics the easy way - by watching videos

 Physics I      Physics II      Physics I&II       DVD

In problems concerning gravity on earth the acceleration (a) becomes approximately 9.8 meters per second squared (a).  An object that starts from rest falls for one second at a speed of 9.8 m/s.  After 2 seconds the speed is 19.6 m/s and after 3 seconds it is 29.4 m/s.  This is why the farther you fall the harder you hit the ground.  In actual problems on earth you must also consider the falling object is moving through air which resists the movement of the object.  Then the size of the object also becomes important.

d=v0t  + 1/2at2

Example; A ball starting from rest (V0 = zero) falls for 3 seconds then the distance it has fallen is; .5 x 9.8 x 32 = 4.9 x 9 = 44.1 meters.  Notice we used .5 which is equal to one half.

Gravitation demonstration. http://www.mip.berkeley.edu/physics/A+15+0.html


Thermodynamics

The laws of Thermodynamics http://www.av8n.com/physics/thermo-laws.htm

Thermodynamics and Thermal Physics
Thermodynamics Physics
Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics
Entropy: Thermodynamics, Physics
Laws of thermodynamics physics toolbox
Physics Encyclopedia: Thermodynamics
Thermodynamics Physics Science English
Thermodynamics (Physics Study Guide) - Wikibooks
AllRefer Encyclopedia - thermodynamics (Physics) - Encyclopedia
Thermodynamics Physics Web Directory

Heat and Thermodynamics

 


PHYSICS FORMULAS

Physics Reference Tables
Physics Constants

Physics Formulas and Symbols
Physics Formulas
Physics Formula Calculators: home work help online
Physics Formulas
The educational encyclopedia, physics equations and formulas

Reviews, Table and Plots

Texas Instruments Calculator Formulas


See our Data Sheets Page for more. . . .

The Cambridge Handbook of Physics Formulas < This is a MUST have Physics handbook

 Fundamental Formulas of Physics, Vol. 1

 Fundamental Formulas of Physics, Vol. 2

 


EXPERIMENTS 

THE LAB ARCHIVE http://www.labarchive.net/labdb/search-category?category_id=4

Real Time Experiments!
Little Shop Home
Physics Experiments online
Physics Experiments You Can Do At Home
High Energy Physics Experiments
www-spires.slac.stanford.edu/find/explist.html
Physics 2000
Physics: Experiments and Research
The Sciences Explorer - Experiments
ADVANCED PHYSICS EXPERIMENTS
Physics 2000
PhysicsWeb - Advanced site search
Advanced Physics Lab List of Experiments
Advanced physics labss
Physics Encyclopedia: Future High Energy Physics Experiments
Pico Technology's Library Of Science Experiments
PHY-U600, Advanced Physics Lab I
2001 Villa Olmo International Conference
K-12: Physics


Distance vs. Speed vs. Time Calculators

Time from Distance and Speed

Enter distance value and unit:
Enter speed value and units:
Time is: Hours Minutes Seconds


Distance from Speed and Time

Enter speed value and units:
Enter time: Hours Minutes Seconds
Distance is (select unit before calculating):


Speed from Distance and Time

Enter distance value and unit:
Enter time: Hours Minutes Seconds
Speed is (select units before calculating):

Free JavaScripts provided
by The JavaScript Source

NEWTON'S THREE LAWS OF MOTION

1.  An object at rest tend to stay at rest and an object in motion tends to stay in motion at a constant speed.

2.  F = ma       (Force in Newton's SI units, equal mass times acceleration.)

3.  For every force there is an equal and opposite force.

MOMENTUM

Momentum (F) is the product of the mass of an object and its velocity.  The SI unit of momentum is kg per m/s.

F = m(v1-v0)

WORK (joules)            POWER  (joule/second)

W = Fd                           P = (Fd)/t

ENERGY CONSERVATION

Energy can not be created or destroyed.  Energy can be changed from potential (at rest) to KE or kinetic energy (energy in motion).

KE = 1/2 mv2

Conservation of energy demonstration. http://www.mip.berkeley.edu/physics/A+05+0.html

Demonstration list for "How Does A Thing Like That Work"

Links to Other Physics Demonstration Sites


THE DECIBEL SCALE

The metric unit of sound intensity is watts/m2.  This unit corresponds to the system used in all fields of physics, expressed in decibels (dB) (1/10 of a bel).  The decibel scale is a compressed scale of measurement.  The least intense sound that can be heard has an intensity of zero decibels.  A zero decibel sound has an intensity of 10-12 watt/m2.  A sound with 10 times the energy is rated at 10 decibels.  A sound with 100 times as much energy as the 0 dB sound is rated at 20 dB.  Ordinary human whisper is about 20 dB.  A conversation is about 60 dB. Sound at 120 dB becomes painful - jet engine noise.  A rocket blasting off at about 100 yards has an intensity of about 180 dB, very loud and very painful.

Decibel conversion chart - http://www.testeq.com/charts/decibels.lasso

dB conversion - java - http://www.mogami.com/e/cad/db.html

dB conversion - http://www.bessernet.com/jobAids/dBCalc/dBCalc.html

Microvolts to dBm conversion chart - http://www.moseleysb.com/mv2dBm.html

Decibel to Watt conversion - http://www.odessaoffice.com/wireless/decibel.html

Conversion Units - http://www.radioing.com/hamradio/convert.html

The metric system - http://forum.hotplugins.com/cgi-bin/showforum.cgi?fbid=88&pg=2


LIGHT

Light exhibits characteristics of waves and sometimes as particles.  Einstein proposed that light travels as photons (quanta - small packets) of energy.  The speed of light is 3 x 108 m/s or 186,000 miles per second.  Light is the visible spectrum portion of electromagnetic waves.  Red light is the lowest frequency of light and violet is the highest frequency.  

Orange, yellow, green, and indigo are colors in between red and violet.

Radio  -  Television -  Infrared  -        LIGHT  -  ultraviolet - x-rays - gamma rays
|                      |

R O Y G I V

Light spectrum of colors visible by unaided human eye.

  visible visible visible visible visible visible visible  
Ultra  Violet Violet Indigo Blue Green Yellow Orange Red Infra Red
(l Range) 400-460  460-475  475-490  490-565  565-575  575-600  600-800  (nm)
(Avg. l) 430 467.5 482.5 527.5 570 587.5 700 (nm)
(Energy) 4.65 4.25 4.15 3.8 3.475 3.375 2.9 (10-19 J)

Light and Electromagnetic Waves

LIGHT/OPTICS - TUTORIAL http://www.intl-light.com/handbook/index.html#TOC

Propagation of light demonstration. http://www.mip.berkeley.edu/physics/E+55+0.html

Link to Light Color Science. http://www.physics.sfasu.edu/astro/color.html

ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION - EXPLAINED http://imagine.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/science/know_l1/emspectrum.html

Vibrations and Waves - http://www.kettering.edu/~drussell/Demos.html

How we see - Human Vision -  http://www.accessexcellence.org/AE/AEC/CC/vision_background.html

LIGHT AND OPTICS - JAVA

Additive Colors
Subtractive Colors
Basic Prism
Ray Tracing
Fermat's Principle
Interference Patterns
Refraction of Light
Refracting Astronomical Telescope
spectrum tuner
color addition
Reflection/Refraction (Water-air Interface)
Thin Lens Demonstration
Thin Lens Combination
Thick Lens
Physics of Rainbows
Shadow/Image and Color
Fermat Principal
The World of Color**
Mixing Colored Light Beams
Light: a myriad of colors..
How a pinhole camera works
Bragg's Law of Diffraction

Other web links on electromagnetic radiation:

Electromagnetic Spectrum
Electromagnetic Spectrum The Electromagnetic Spectrum The electromagnetic spectrum is a continuum of all electromagnetic waves arranged according to frequency and wavelength.
http://www.geo.mtu.edu/rs/back/spectrum/

A New Interpretation of Light
A new theory about light and color which combines elements of Goethe's Theory of Colors and Maxwell's electromagnetic wave theory.
http://home.wxs.nl/~agur0000

EMF - Electromagnetic Field Basics
EMF Basics: information about the behavior of electric and magnetic fields at the ELF or power frequency level
http://www.fms-corp.com/emfemibasics_overview.php4

LIGHT SPECTRA
LIGHT SPECTRA OBSERVING OBJECTS IN SPACE Objective Try to Determine the Type of Light Shown in Spectra of Objects in Space Use the Tool in the Bottom Frame for This Section!
http://cse.ssl.berkeley.edu/light/spectra.html

Static Electromagnetic Fields and Human Health: Questions and Answers
Questions and answers on the connection between static (direct current, DC) magnetic or electric fields and cancer; including sources of exposure, summaries of the laboratory and human studies, and information on standards.
http://www.mcw.edu/gcrc/cop.html

Light and Color @ The Franklin Institute
Light and Color The Franklin Institute Resources Visit the Museum Programs Partnerships Legacy About Us Friends Light and Color How do we See?
http://www.fi.edu/color/

Links to School of the Sciences  http://www.school-for-champions.com/science/lightspeed.htm

The Physics Classroom
The Physics Classroom
Faster Than Light Physics
Light - Physics
Physics - The Complete Guide to Physics - Articles - Glossary
physics central physics in action - slow light
Light Reflection
Light
Light Waves and Color - Table of Contents
Refraction - Table of Contents
Some Emerging Possibilities
Particles and relativity
Quantum Physics: The Nodal Theory: Chapter 8: Advanced and 
Curious About Astronomy? General Physics
The Dual Nature of Light as Reflected in the Nobel Archive
Homepage of Advanced Warp Physics
The Light Cone: Introduction
Advanced Physics Forums
Advanced Physics Forums - powered by XMB
Physics Classroom Table of Contents

LIGHT AND OPTICS - JAVA

Additive Colors
Subtractive Colors
Basic Prism
Ray Tracing
Fermat's Principle
Interference Patterns
Refraction of Light
Refracting Astronomical Telescope
spectrum tuner
color addition
Reflection/Refraction (Water-air Interface)
Thin Lens Demonstration
Thin Lens Combination
Thick Lens
Physics of Rainbows
Shadow/Image and Color
Fermat Principal
The World of Color**
Mixing Colored Light Beams
Light: a myriad of colors..
How a pinhole camera works
Bragg's Law of Diffraction

Physics JAVA Applets

http://www.walter-fendt.de/ph14e/


DOE Handbooks

Online Approved Department Of Energy Technical Standards

[The few standards that are listed here are the ones relevant to this section,
check above link for the complete listening.]

Number  Title 
DOE-HDBK-1010-92  DOE Fundamentals Handbook, Classical Physics (142 pages)
PDF (1120 KB) 
DOE-HDBK-1011/1-92  DOE Fundamentals Handbook, Electrical Science, Volume 1 of 4 (166 pages)
PDF (4255 KB) 
DOE-HDBK-1011/2-92  DOE Fundamentals Handbook, Electrical Science, Volume 2 of 4 (118 pages)
PDF (3317 KB) 
DOE-HDBK-1011/3-92  DOE Fundamentals Handbook, Electrical Science, Volume 3 of 4 (126 pages)
PDF (2234 KB) 
DOE-HDBK-1011/4-92  DOE Fundamentals Handbook, Electrical Science, Volume 4 of 4 (142 pages)
PDF (4800 KB) 
DOE-HDBK-1012/1-92  DOE Fundamentals Handbook, Thermodynamics, Heat Transfer, and Fluid Flow, Volume 1 of 3 (138 pages)
PDF (2994 KB) 
DOE-HDBK-1012/2-92  DOE Fundamentals Handbook, Thermodynamics, Heat Transfer, and Fluid Flow, Volume 2 of 3 (80 pages)
PDF (1193 KB) 
DOE-HDBK-1012/3-92  DOE Fundamentals Handbook, Thermodynamics, Heat Transfer, and Fluid Flow, Volume 3 of 3 (82 pages)
PDF (1214 KB) 
DOE-HDBK-1013/1-92  DOE Fundamentals Handbook, Instrumentation and Control, Volume 1 of 2 (132 pages)
PDF (2639 KB) 
DOE-HDBK-1013/2-92  DOE Fundamentals Handbook, Instrumentation and Control, Volume 2 of 2 (168 pages)
PDF (3504 KB) 
DOE-HDBK-1014/1-92  DOE Fundamentals Handbook, Mathematics Volume 1 of 2 (206 pages)
PDF (1436 KB) 
DOE-HDBK-1014/2-92  DOE Fundamentals Handbook, Mathematics Volume 2 of 2 (112 pages)
PDF (932 KB) 
DOE-HDBK-1015/1-92  DOE Fundamentals Handbook, Chemistry, Volume 1 of 2 (140 pages)
PDF (3950 KB) 
DOE-HDBK-1015/2-92  DOE Fundamentals Handbook, Chemistry, Volume 2 of 2 (138 pages)
PDF (2898 KB) 
DOE-HDBK-1016/1-93  DOE Fundamentals Handbook, Engineering Symbology, Prints, and Drawings, Volume 1 of 2 (120 pages)
PDF (8231 KB) 
DOE-HDBK-1016/2-93  DOE Fundamentals Handbook, Engineering Symbology, Prints, and Drawings, Volume 2 of 2 (96 pages)
PDF (4453 KB) 
DOE-HDBK-1017/1-93  DOE Fundamentals Handbook, Material Science, Volume 1 of 2 (102 pages)
PDF (2217 KB) 
DOE-HDBK-1017/2-93  DOE Fundamentals Handbook, Material Science, Volume 2 of 2 (112 pages)
PDF (1441 KB) 
DOE-HDBK-1018/1-93  DOE Fundamentals Handbook, Mechanical Science, Volume 1 of 2 (139 pages)
PDF (5136 KB) 
DOE-HDBK-1018/2-93  DOE Fundamentals Handbook, Mechanical Science, Volume 2 of 2 (130 pages)
PDF (5465 KB) 
DOE-HDBK-1019/1-93  DOE Fundamentals Handbook, Nuclear Physics and Reactor Theory, Volume 1 of 2 (142 pages)
PDF (3464 KB) 
DOE-HDBK-1019/2-93  DOE Fundamentals Handbook, Nuclear Physics and Reactor Theory, Volume 2 of 2 (128 pages)
PDF (1988 KB) 


 

Online Approved DOE Technical Standards

 


SOUND

Wave Motion

Sound

 

The physics of SOUND I.  http://sprott.physics.wisc.edu/demobook/chapter3.htm

The Physics of SOUND II http://interface.cipic.ucdavis.edu/CIL_tutorial/3D_phys/3D_phys.htm

The Nature of a sound wave http://www.glenbrook.k12.il.us/gbssci/phys/Class/sound/soundtoc.html

SOUND TUTORIAL http://www.intl-light.com/handbook/index.html#TOC

DIGITAL SOUND PROCESSING TUTORIAL FOR THE BRAIN DEAD www.student.oulu.fi/~oniemita /DSP/DSPSTUFF.TXT

The DOPPLER Effect - http://www.sasked.gov.sk.ca/docs/physics/u5c32phy.html

Physics Demonstrations - Heat

Physics Demonstrations - Magnetism

HyperPhysics
HyperPhysics Concepts
The Soundry
The Soundry: The Physics of Sound
FearOfPhysics.com: Introduction to what sound is
Yahooligans! - Science and Nature:Physical Sciences:Physics:Sound
Acoustics and the Physics of Sound - Acoustic Guitar Physics 
The Physics Classroom
The Physics Classroom
Google Directory - Kids and Teens > School Time > Science >


Physics Demonstrations - Videos

http://www.wfu.edu/physics/demolabs/demos/avimov/

http://www.wfu.edu/physics/demolabs/demos/avimov/streaming.html

http://www.wfu.edu/physics/demolabs/demos/avimov/NewVideos99/newdemos.htm

UC Berkeley Physics Lecture Demonstrations
Index to Physics Demonstration Equipment
Physics Demonstrations - Introduction
Physics demonstrations, Science Exhibits (Bill B's Homepages)
Dramatic Physics Demonstrations
PIRA PHYSICS DEMONSTRATION BIBLIOGRAPHY
NC State Physics Demonstrations
Physics Demonstration Resources Online for Science Educators
Physics Lecture Demonstrations at the University of Texas at 
University of Oregon Physics Demonstration Catalog

Physics Demonstration Videos WFU

http://www.wfu.edu/physics/demolabs/demos/avimov/#Video

 


PLANCK'S QUANTUM HYPOTHESIS

E = hf

E = energy of a quantum (smallest packet of energy possible) of radiation of a frequency f that is absorbed as the blackbody radiates away energy.  The symbol h is called Plank's constant and is a number we use as a multiplier of frequency to calculate the amount of energy in a quantum.  Einstein believed energy traveled in photons, or chunks of energy called quantum. It is believed that a quantum is the smallest chunk of energy possible.

Or, E = Nhf where N is an integer, f is the frequency of vibration and h equals Planck's constant.

Quantum mechanical barrier penetration demonstration.
Particle Nature of Light: Planck's Quantum Hypothesis

Planck's Hypothesis
PinkMonkey.com Physics Study Guide - Section CHAPTER 29 : PLANCK'S
Symposium on the Centennial of Planck's discovery of the Quantum
Light Quantum
Quantum Mechanics
Origins of Quantum Mechanics
The uncertainty Principle
[PDF] Planck's Quantum Hypothesis
PHY 112: PHYSICS II - CHAPTER 27


MATHCAD for Physics

MathCAD File Site
Mathcad Files
Mathcad Examples for Physics Courses
[DOC] Physics 421 MathCAD Exercise 1
MATHCAD, MATLAB, maple & mathematica - Physics Forums
Mathcad at Florida Tech
Physics Related Software Manuals/Links
[PDF] TUTORING TEXTS IN MATHCAD
Mercer Physics Seminar 4/17/2002
Smart's Scientific Journal
Cleveland State University
Resources for Courses using Mathcad at UW
Scientific Computing with Mathcad
MATHCAD, MATLAB, maple & mathematica - Physics Forums
[PDF] Introduction to the use of MATHCAD on the PC
Mathcad @ AdeptScience: The Ultimate Technical Design Solution
Mathcad Tutorial
MATHCAD AND PHYSICS EDUCATION
Dr. Miron Kaufman's Home Page
mathcad problem - Physics Help and Math Help - Physics Forums
Physics
[DOC] Physics 421 MathCAD Exercise 1
MathCAD File Site
dms home page
search mathcad.com
search mathcad.com
Mathcad Examples for Physics Courses


RELATIVITY

Learn About General Relativity -  http://math.ucr.edu/home/baez/gr/gr.html

Yahoo! Directory Physics > Relativity
Usenet Relativity FAQ
Experimental Basis of Special Relativity
Faster Than Light
www.corepower.com/~relfaq/relativity.html
1k - Jun 17, 2004 - Cached - Similar pages
Open Directory - Science: Physics: Relativity
Open Directory - Science: Physics: Relativity: Time Travel
Index of /be045132
Antigravity. Quantum Physics. Relativity. Time Travel
How to Learn Quantum Mechanics Starting with Little or No Math
Astro2 Website
Science Forums - General relativity, will we learn otherwise?
Alice Law - Download Free Shareware software - Learn Special ...
FTL and Relativity
Paper
Famous People: Albert Einstein | eThemes | eMINTS

Quote by a famous scientist.  
"The "principle of relativity" in its widest sense is contained in the statement: The totality of physical phenomena is of such a character that it gives no basis for the introduction of the concept of "absolute motion"; or shorter but less precise: There is no absolute motion."  Albert Einstein (1979-1955)


QUANTUM MECHANICS 

Physics Virtual Bookshelf: Quantum Mechanics
HyperPhysics Concepts

Visual Quantum Mechanics
Quantum mechanics history
Spectral LinesOpen Directory - Science: Physics: Quantum Mechanics
Quantum Mechanics
Quantum Mechanics -- from Eric Weisstein's World of Physics
Quantum Mechanics Examples

QUANTUM PHYSICS

What is Quantum Physics?
Quantum Physics Online
Quantum Physics
What is Quantum Physics
xxx.lanl.gov/archive/quant-ph
Local Quantum Physics Crossroads
HyperPhysics Concepts
Visual Quantum Mechanics
Quantum Physics

PLANCK'S QUANTUM HYPOTHESIS

E = hf

E = energy of a quantum (smallest packet of energy possible) of radiation of a frequency f that is absorbed as the blackbody radiates away energy.  The symbol h is called Plank's constant and is a number we use as a multiplier of frequency to calculate the amount of energy in a quantum.  Einstein believed energy traveled in photons, or chunks of energy called quantum. It is believed that a quantum is the smallest chunk of energy possible.

Quantum mechanical barrier penetration demonstration.
Particle Nature of Light: Planck's Quantum Hypothesis

Planck's Hypothesis
PinkMonkey.com Physics Study Guide - Section CHAPTER 29 : PLANCK'S
Symposium on the Centennial of Planck's discovery of the Quantum
Light Quantum
Quantum Mechanics
Origins of Quantum Mechanics
The uncertainty Principle
[PDF] Planck's Quantum Hypothesis
PHY 112: PHYSICS II - CHAPTER 27

 

 


STRING THEORY - EXPLANTION OF EVERYTHING?

http://www.superstringtheory.com/index.html

http://www.theory.caltech.edu/people/jhs/strings/

http://www.sukidog.com/jpierre/strings/

http://turing.wins.uva.nl/~rhd/string_theory.html

http://www.lassp.cornell.edu/GraduateAdmissions/greene/greene.html

http://theory.tifr.res.in/~mukhi/Physics/string.html

http://tena4.vub.ac.be/beyondstringtheory/

http://fy.chalmers.se/tp/Egroup/stringtheory.html

http://www.nuclecu.unam.mx/~alberto/physics/stringrev.html

M THEORY - FORMERLY STRING THEORY

String Theory and the Unification of Forces: Sunil Mukhi
The Official String Theory Web Site
String Theory Basics
Superstring Theory
J. Pierre's Super Strings pages have moved.
PITP
Physics String Theory: Wave Structure of Matter explains String
String theory - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Strings 2000 Conference - Home Page
NOVA | The Elegant Universe | A Theory of Everything? | PBS


 

General Physics Topics - Georgia Tech http://www.physics.gatech.edu/academics/tutorial/

Physics Explained  http://www.fearofphysics.com/

Gravity  - Nasa
Momentum
Trajectory | Shoot the Cannon Applet
Circular motion

Physics and Astronomy Reference Site http://www.physlink.com/Reference/index.htm

Physics Constants and References  http://www.alcyone.com/max/physics/

Equations Sheets for Reference  http://www.equationsheet.com/

Physics

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Find out how you can help support Wikipedia's phenomenal growth.

Overview of physics

Theories

Main article: Theories of Physics

Central theories

Classical mechanics -- Thermodynamics -- Statistical mechanics -- Electromagnetism -- Special relativity -- General relativity -- Quantum mechanics -- Quantum field theory -- Standard Model -- Fluid mechanics

Proposed theories

Theory of everything -- Grand unification theory -- M-theory -- Loop quantum gravity -- Emergence

Fringe theories

Cold fusion -- Dynamic theory of gravity -- Luminiferous aether -- Orgone energy -- Reciprocal System of Theory -- Steady state theory

Concepts

Matter -- Antimatter -- Elementary particle -- Boson -- Fermion

Symmetry -- Motion -- Conservation law -- Mass -- Energy -- Momentum -- Angular momentum -- Spin

Time -- Space -- Dimension -- Spacetime -- Length -- Velocity -- Force -- Torque

Wave -- Wavefunction -- Quantum entanglement -- Harmonic oscillator -- Magnetism -- Electricity -- Electromagnetic radiation -- Temperature -- Entropy -- Physical information

Phase transitions -- critical phenomena -- Spontaneous symmetry breaking -- Superconductivity -- Superfluidity -- Quantum phase transitions

Fundamental forces

Gravitational -- Electromagnetic -- Weak -- Strong

Particles

Main article: Particles

Atom -- Proton -- Neutron -- Electron -- Quark -- Photon -- Gluon -- W boson -- Z boson -- Graviton -- Neutrino -- Particle radiation

THE STANDARD MODEL AND INTERACTION OF PARTICLES http://www.cpepweb.org/cpep_sm_large.html

Subfields of physics

Astrophysics -- Atomic, Molecular, and Optical physics -- Computational physics -- Condensed matter physics -- Cosmology -- Cryogenics -- Fluid dynamics -- Polymer physics -- Optics -- Materials physics -- Nuclear physics -- Plasma physics -- Particle physics (or High Energy Physics) -- Vehicle dynamics

Methods

Introduction to the Scientific Method
Introduction to Chemistry and Physics - First Grading Period
Jiskha Homework Help - Science: Physics: Scientific Method
Science
[PDF] Commentaries on physics education by David Hestenes The scientific
Introduction
Scientific Method Lab Physics 110 Astronomy
Physics 3333 - The Scientific Method
The Scientific Attitude
Simulations in Physics

www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/0168583X
www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/01675087
Numerical methods
II. Evaluation Methods - Physics, BS
C405
Methods of Experimental Physics Laboratory
Lecture Notes : Methods of Mathematical Physics I
Department of Mathematical Methods in Physics
International Journal of Geometric Methods in Modern Physics

Tables

List of physical laws -- Physical constants -- SI base units -- SI derived units -- SI prefixes -- Unit conversions

History

History of Physics -- Famous Physicists -- Nobel Prize in physics

Related Fields

Astronomy and Astrophysics -- Biophysics -- Electronics -- Engineering -- Geophysics -- Materials science -- Mathematical physics -- Medical physics -- Physical Chemistry

A brief history of physics

Note: The following is a cursory overview of the development of physics. For a more detailed history, please refer to History of physics.

Since antiquity, people have tried to understand the behavior of matter: why unsupported objects drop to the ground, why different materials have different properties, and so forth. Also a mystery was the character of the universe, such as the form of the Earth and the behavior of celestial objects such as the Sun and the Moon. Several theories were proposed, most of them were wrong. These theories were largely couched in philosophical terms, and never verified by systematic experimental testing. There were exceptions and there are anachronisms: for example, the Greek thinker Archimedes derived many correct quantitative descriptions of mechanics and hydrostatics.

During the late 16th century, Galileo pioneered the use of experiment to validate physical theories, which is the key idea in the scientific method. Galileo formulated and successfully tested several results in dynamics, in particular the Law of Inertia. In 1687, Newton published the Principia Mathematica, detailing two comprehensive and successful physical theories: Newton's laws of motion, from which arise classical mechanics; and Newton's Law of Gravitation, which describes the fundamental force of gravity. Both theories agreed well with experiment. Classical mechanics would be exhaustively extended by Lagrange, Hamilton, and others, who produced new formulations, principles, and results. The Law of Gravitation initiated the field of astrophysics, which describes astronomical phenomena using physical theories.

From the 18th century onwards, thermodynamics was developed by Boyle, Young, and many others. In 1733, Bernoulli used statistical arguments with classical mechanics to derive thermodynamic results, initiating the field of statistical mechanics. In 1798, Thompson demonstrated the conversion of mechanical work into heat, and in 1847 Joule stated the law of conservation of energy, in the form of heat as well as mechanical energy.

The behavior of electricity and magnetism was studied by Faraday, Ohm, and others. In 1855, Maxwell unified the two phenomena into a single theory of electromagnetism, described by Maxwell's equations. A prediction of this theory was that light is an electromagnetic wave.

In 1895, Roentgen discovered X-rays, which turned out to be high-frequency electromagnetic radiation. Radioactivity was discovered in 1896 by Henri Becquerel, and further studied by Pierre Curie and Marie Curie and others. This initiated the field of nuclear physics.

In 1897, Thomson discovered the electron, the elementary particle which carries electrical current in circuits. In 1904, he proposed the first model of the atom, known as the plum pudding model. (The existence of the atom had been proposed in 1808 by Dalton.)

In 1905, Einstein formulated the theory of special relativity, unifying space and time into a single entity, spacetime. Relativity prescribes a different transformation between reference frames than classical mechanics; this necessitated the development of relativistic mechanics as a replacement for classical mechanics. In the regime of low (relative) velocities, the two theories agree. In 1915, Einstein extended special relativity to explain gravity with the general theory of relativity, which replaces Newton's law of gravitation. In the regime of low masses and energies, the two theories agree.

In 1911, Rutherford deduced from scattering experiments the existence of a compact atomic nucleus, with positively charged constituents dubbed protons. Neutrons, the neutral nuclear constituents, were discovered in 1932 by Chadwick.

Beginning in 1900, Planck, Einstein, Bohr, and others developed quantum theories to explain various anomalous experimental results by introducing discrete energy levels. In 1925, Heisenberg and 1926, Schrödinger and Dirac formulated quantum mechanics, which explained the preceding quantum theories. In quantum mechanics, the outcomes of physical measurements are inherently probabilistic; the theory describes the calculation of these probabilities. It successfully describes the behavior of matter at small distance scales.

Quantum mechanics also provided the theoretical tools for condensed matter physics, which studies the physical behavior of solids and liquids, including phenomena such as crystal structures, semiconductivity, and superconductivity. The pioneers of condensed matter physics include Bloch, who created a quantum mechanical description of the behavior of electrons in crystal structures in 1928.

During World War II, research was conducted by each side into nuclear physics, for the purpose of creating a nuclear bomb. The German effort, led by Heisenberg, did not succeed, but the Allied Manhattan Project reached its goal. In America, a team led by Fermi achieved the first man-made nuclear chain reaction in 1942, and in 1945 the world's first nuclear explosive was detonated at Trinity site, near Alamogordo, New Mexico.

Quantum field theory was formulated in order to extend quantum mechanics to be consistent with special relativity. It achieved its modern form in the late 1940s with work by Feynman, Schwinger, Tomonaga, and Dyson. They formulated the theory of quantum electrodynamics, which describes the electromagnetic interaction.

Quantum field theory provided the framework for modern particle physics, which studies fundamental forces and elementary particles. In 1954, Yang and Mills developed a class of gauge theories, which provided the framework for the Standard Model. The Standard Model, which was completed in the 1970s, successfully describes almost all elementary particles observed to date.

Future directions

As of 2003, research is progressing on a large number of fields of physics.

In condensed matter physics, the biggest unsolved theoretical problem is the explanation for high-temperature superconductivity. Strong efforts, largely experimental, are being put into making workable spintronics and quantum computers.

In particle physics, the first pieces of experimental evidence for physics beyond the Standard Model have begun to appear. Foremost amongst this are indications that neutrinos have non-zero mass. These experimental results appear to have solved the long-standing solar neutrino problem in solar physics. The physics of massive neutrinos is currently an area of active theoretical and experimental research. In the next several years, particle accelerators will begin probing energy scales in the TeV range, in which experimentalists are hoping to find evidence for the higgs boson and supersymmetric particles.

Theoretical attempts to unify quantum mechanics and general relativity into a single theory of quantum gravity, a program ongoing for over half a century, has yet to bear fruit. The current leading candidates are M-theory and loop quantum gravity.

Many astronomical phenomena have yet to be explained, including the existence of ultra-high energy cosmic rays and the anomalous rotation rates of galaxies. Theories that have been proposed to resolve these problems include doubly-special relativity, modified Newtonian dynamics, and the existence of dark matter. In addition, the cosmological predictions of the last several decades have been contradicted by recent evidence that the expansion of the universe is accelerating.

See unsolved problems in physics for a fuller treatment of this subject.

Suggested reading and external links

CALCULATORS

MUST HAVE!  TI-83 Plus BETTER!  TI-89 BEST!  Voyage 200
     

Physics Calculators

Physics Calculator Index
Physics Calculators
Martindale's Calculators On-Line Center: Physics, Astrophysics & 
Martindale's 'The Reference Desk' - International Art, Business .
Physics Formula Calculators: home work help online
The educational encyclopedia, online calculators
Physics Calculators, Searches and Reference Tools
Physics with Calculators
Measurement Unit Conversion Calculators
Statistics to use
ON-line Calculators - Free

Physics Calculators
Martindale's Calculators On-Line Center: Physics, Astrophysics
Physics Formula Calculators: home work help online
The educational encyclopedia, online calculators
Physics Calculator Index
Calculator City: A Web Resource for Mathematics: Algebra, Geometry
101 Calculations Page - www.101science.com
Astronomy/Physics -- Calculators

Carbon 14 Dating Calculator

Engineering Calculations

Hydrology

Ideal Gas Law Calculator

Landscape Calculations

Measurement Conversions

Meteorological Calculations

Metric/SE conversion calculator

More and More Calculations

Photography - field of view

Physical Constants and Conversions

Physical Science Reference Data

Radioactive Decay Calculator

Weather Calculations

Wet & Dry Bulb 


The Standard Model - of elementary particles

nquiring Minds - Mar 7
The Particle Adventure
elementary particles: Standard Model of Particle Physics
elementary particles: Standard Model of Particle Physics
The Standard Model of elementary particles
The Standard Model
III. ELEMENTARY PARTICLE PHYSICS TODAY
elementary particles. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition 
NOVA | The Elegant Universe | Elementary Particles | PBS
Elementary particle - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Sub-nucleonic Structure
Standard Model - Feb 27
Elementary Particle Physics Glossary
UA Physics Department - Theoretical Elementary Particle Physics
[PDF] SCIENTIFIC PROPOSAL At present the Standard Model of elementary
August 2005
Amazon.com: Introduction to Elementary Particles: Books: David
Standard Model of Elementary Particles at READE
Elementary Particles
Standard Model of Elementary Particles
TU München - Physics Department - Research - Particles & Nuclei
Neutrino PHysics
BBC - h2g2 - The Standard Model of Particle Physics
II 2 Standard Model Particle Components
Elementary particles
Baylor University || Department of Physics || Elementary Particle
Elementary Particles Today
The Standard Model
Elementary Particles
Experimental Elementary-Particle Physics
Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Elementary particle
PACS 2006 Category 10: THE PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELD
particle physics: Definition and Much More From Answers.com
Physics at Minnesota: Theoretical Elementary Particle Physics
Elementary Particle Physics
elementary particles
symmetry - October 2005 - gallery: jan-henrik andersen
elementary particles on Encyclopedia.com

QUANTUM ENTANGLEMENT

Entanglement is a real phenomenon (Einstein called it "spooky action at a distance") that really exists. It can be demonstrated repeatedly through scientific experimentation. However, it has not yet been fully explained. No one knows why or how it does what it does - immediate action at a distance. 

A Simple Explanation of Quantum Entanglement
Quantum entanglement - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Quantum Entanglement
Quantum Entanglement and Information (Stanford Encyclopedia of ...
Quantum Entanglement - Features - The Lab - Australian ...
Quantum Entanglement and Causality
quantum entanglement 0.31
Quantum quirk may give objects mass - fundamentals - 24 October 
Physics News Update Number 401 - Story SUREFIRE QUANTUM ENTANGLEMENT
ScienceDaily: Entanglement Unties A Tough Quantum Computing Problem - Oct 12
Scientists demonstrate quantum nature of entanglement swapping
perl.com: Quantum::Entanglement
The weirdest link
Quantum Entanglement and Bell's Theorem
CQC Intros: Quantum Entanglement
Alex Gough / Quantum-Entanglement - search.cpan.org
Quantum entanglement stronger than suspected - 17 July 2002 - New ...
XXXVIII Symposium on Mathematical Physics
Science & Technology at Scientific American.com: Quantum ...
Quantum Entanglement


VELOCITY AND ACELERATION

The Physics Classroom
Acceleration
creativepro.com - Flash Physics: Velocity and Acceleration
Physics For Beginners: An introduction to physics for the absolute 
SparkNotes: SAT Physics: Speed, Velocity, and Acceleration
Angular Velocity and Acceleration
Physics Formulas
FearOfPhysics.com: Learn about Position, Velocity, and Acceleration
A glossary of physics terms, with links to an online textbook.
Course Development
NTNUJAVA: Virtual Physics Laboratory
General Physics Lab: Velocity and Acceleration
Physics: Speed
Physics 2211K, Mechanics, Waves, Heat
The Ultimate Physics Tutor: Velocity And Acceleration In One 
[PDF] Technologies for Learning - Velocity and Acceleration
Physics 581: Teaching Dynamics with Excel97


EQUATIONS

Basic Physics Equations and Formulas
Physics Equations - EquationSheet

Eric Weisstein's World of Physics

GCSE Physics Equations 14-16


GCSE Physics Equations 11 - 14
The Constants and Equations pages
Basic Physics Equations and Formulas
Physics Equations and Constants
Physics Formulary: Table of Contents
[PDF] 2002 Table of Information & Equation Tables
The greatest equations ever (October 2004) - Physics World 
Stock Images of A teacher with physics equations on a black board 
GCSE Physics: Equations
Measurements, Units and Mathematical Equations in Physics
Physics.org - Search Results
AP: Physics B
[PDF] Equation Sheets for AP Physics Examinations
Physics and Astronomy Reference
Mathematical Physics - EqWorld
Partial Differential Equations - EqWorld
ETHS PHYSICS HELP PAGE
GCSE Physics Equations
astrojax info
NerdTests.com :: View topic - Mathematical Physics Equations
[PDF] Equation Sheets for AP Physics Examinations
NerdTests.com :: View topic - Mathematical Physics Equations 
Mathematical Physics Equations from EqWorld
Powell's Books - Physics Equations & Answers Laminate Reference
Elliott's Laws, Hypothesis, Principles and Equations
Physics Equations & Answers Reference Guide : BarCharts QuickStudy
[PDF] Physics equations sheet
Physics Equations Mug : physics : CafePress.com
Australian Synchrotron Forums - Mathematical Physics Equations 
GCSE PHYSICS Equations - All Links - gcsescience.com.


SCALARS AND VECTORS

Scalars and Vectors
Vectors
The Physics Classroom
Scalar (physics) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Physics Formulas
Physics Tips - Physics news and articles - An Introduction to
vectors
A-levels.net: AS Physics - forces and motion, scalars & vectors
Physics with Calculus: Part 0: Scalar and Vector Quantities 
The Ultimate Physics Tutor: Scalars And Vectors and other Physics
Scalars and Vectors
Vectors, Scalars, Distance, and Displacement
Mixing scalars and vectors-an elegant view of physics
Vectors, Introduction
Jiskha Homework Help - Features: Forum: physics: scalars/vectors
Study Room - Physics - Mechanics - Scalars and vectors
Isometries in physics: Information From Answers.com
A-level Physics/Forces and Motion/Scalars and vectors - Wikibooks
Speed and Velocity
scalar: Information From Answers.com
PinkMonkey.com Physics Study Guide - Section CHAPTER 1 : SCALARS
Symmetry in physics at AllExperts
SCALAR AND VECTOR QUANTITIES
PSIgate - Physical Sciences Information Gateway: Search/Browse Results


BERNOULLI

Bernoulli's Law -- from Eric Weisstein's World of Physics
Physics of flight - revisited
Bernoulli's Principle
Physics : Bernoulli principle
Misinterpretations of Bernoulli's Equation
APPARATUS FOR TEACHING PHYSICS: Bernoulli's Principle on a Grand 
Physics at Minnesota: Bernoulli Effects
Bernoulli's principle - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
BAD PHYSICS: Misconceptions spread by K-6 Grade School Textbooks
HyperPhysics
Bernoulli and Newton
Re: Bernoulli questions
Mathematics/Physics
Let's add an air conditioner
Physics Van - Bernoulli Ball
[physics/0402003] Bernoulli process with 282 ky periodicity is ...


GRAVITY

Gravity -- from Eric Weisstein's World of Physics
Physics - Gravity - Zero Gravity - Anti Gravity
kirupa.com - Physics: Gravity
GCSE PHYSICS: Gravity
Physics: Gravity | eThemes | eMINTS
The Physics Classroom
Gravitation - Related Items - MSN Encarta
Phun Physics - Topics
The Law of Gravity
Quickie Questions - Phascinating Physics - Gravity/Light/Magnetism
Quickie Questions - Phascinating Physics - Gravity/Light/Magnetism
Modern Physics/Gravity - Wikibooks, collection of open-content 
Physics Concepts: Gravity
Dubrovnik 2006 - Central European Doctoral Studies School on
Department of Physics, Princeton University
PHYSICS:Gravity Measurements Close in on Big G -- Kestenbaum 282 
Matters of Gravity Newsletter
Physics - Gravity
Deducing Physics - gravity , heavy matter
PHYSICS:Gravity's Gravity Vindicates Einstein -- Watson 286 (5442 
Internet Archive Search: subject:Physics AND subject:"Gravity"
Penn State Eberly College of Science -- Physics Gravity Model .
Gravitational Physics, Scientific Computing
NASA's Cosmicopia -- Ask Us - Space Physics - Gravity in Space


EINSTEIN

Einstein-Image and Impact. AIP History Center exhibit.
- Einstein Year 2005
Albert Einstein - Biography
physics, einstein, physics rap
Physics: Albert Einstein Theory of Relativity: WSM in Absolute 
Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Paradox -- from Eric Weisstein's World of 
Einstein International Year of Physics 2005 - Australian Institute .
Einstein's Legacy
Neowin.net - Gaming Physics: Einstein on a PCB
World Year of Physics 2005
HISTORY OF SCIENCE: EINSTEIN ON PHYSICS AND PROGRESS
Women on the frontiers of physics - A Century of Einstein - MSNBC.com
Was Einstein a Space Alien?
Galileo and Einstein Home Page
Einstein, Albert
Dirac, Einstein and physics (March 2000) - Physics World - PhysicsWeb
General Relativity: Einstein: Physic
BFG Ageia PhysX Review - Gaming Physics Einstein on a PCB
University of Surrey Department of Physics - Einstein day
Albert Einstein Online
2005 World Year of Physics - Einstein Centennial: From Brownian 
[PDF] Meet Einstein – Experience Physics Einstein Year at the Bern 
Chapter 8. On the Idea of Time in Physics. Einstein, Albert. 1920 
The National Academies | Science in the Headlines | The World Year 
Physics Quiz - Explore - The Lab - Australian Broadcasting ...
Einstein's Mistakes - Physics Today November 2005
- EY2004
College of Science & Engineering: Physics-Einstein @ Home
Amazon.com: Finding God In Physics: Einstein's Missing Relative 
EINSTEIN, PHYSICS AND REALITY
Educational & Teaching Resources: Physics: Einstein Year (2005)
Chronology of Milestone Events in Particle Physics - EINSTEIN 1905B
PARC Forum | August 24, 2006
[PDF] Year of Physics: Einstein celebrations get off to a flyer Physics 
[PDF] 2005 World Year of Physics Einstein Centennial: From Brownian 
review: BFG Ageia PhysX
Background-Independent Physics: Einstein's Greatest Legacy


DENSITY

BBC - Education Scotland - Higher Bitesize Revision - Physics ...
Britney Spears' Guide to Semiconductor Physics: Density of States
Density -- from Eric Weisstein's World of Physics
Density
Bathtub Physics - Density, Buoyancy and Flotation
GCSE PHYSICS Density - Weight - Calculations - gcsescience.com.
Essay: Physics Density Investigation - Coursework.Info
Physics Quiz : Density
Nat' Academies Press, Frontiers in High Energy Density Physics ...
Institute for Computational Physics: Density fluctuations in a ...
Density Functional Theory
Physics: density
Density of Air
School of Physics - Density Matrix Theory
[PDF] PHYSICS, Density profile of hard spheres interacting with a hard ...
density(physics)
High Energy Density Physics Division at Lawrence Livermore ...
Syvum Physics Theory : Density
[PDF] MOLECULAR PHYSICS, Density profiles of a hard sphere chain fluid ...
Land Of Physics, Density & Pressure


ATOMS

The Quantum Atom
GCSE Physics: Atom
FearOfPhysics.com: What is an Atom
Particle Physics / Atomic Structure (Atoms) explained with ...
Atoms - the inside story. Introduction.
Bohr's Atom
Spaceflight Now | Breaking News | Whirling atoms dance into 
Atomic Physics authors/titles recent submissions
ATOMS

Atomic Physics: Steven Chu Group at Stanford University
The Particle Adventure Has Moved
Atomic Physics: Atoms Take a Turn for the Better -- Seife 275 ...
A Look Inside the Atom
Open Directory - Kids and Teens: School Time: Science: Physics ...
Atomic physics - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Tel Aviv University, Physics, Atoms and Molecules
GWDAW-8 Abstract: Atomic Physics, Atoms, Nuclei, Electrons, EM ...
Quantum mathematical physics: atoms, molecules and large systems
The Wave Nature of Matter
Open Directory - Kids and Teens:School Time:Science:Physics:Atoms ...
PHYSICS: Atoms Modeling Electrons -- Osborne 313 (5785): 274d ...
RDEGRAAF.nl [Physics: Atoms in a Box]

Wired 10.12: God Is the Machine
PHYSICS: Atoms on the Move Science - Find Articles

Dunning, FB; Hulet, Randall G.; Dunning, FB: Atomic, Molecular ...
[PDF] Links to VCE Physics Atoms and lasers: absorption Absorption ...
Physics - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Atom -- from Eric Weisstein's World of Physics
Frame of Reference - Tertius Stele
Physics: Atoms

NIST: Atomic Spectra Database - home page
Physics news Update 767
AddALL.com - Advances in Chemical Physics, Atoms and Photons Near ...
Atom lasers (August 1999) - Physics World - PhysicsWeb
Physics > Atomic Physics in the Yahoo! Directory
Java Applets on Physics (Java 1.4)
Quantum Gases - Atom Optics
Real-Time Visualization of Quantum Atomic Orbitals
The Particle Adventure


TORQUE

What Is Torque?
Torque -- from Eric Weisstein's World of Physics
Levers and Torque
Modern Physics:Torque and Angular Momentum - Wikibooks, collection ...
Physics Concepts: Torque
Hypography Science Forums - Newtonian physics: torque on a planet ...
Macromedia - Developer Center : Making and Playing Asteroids with ...
PHysics (Torque?) problem BAFFLING!!! Text - Physics Forums Library
Physics Zone: Lessons on Torque
Nanophysics Group Seminars | Surface Physics Group, University of York
Torque & Rotation
Physics Tutoring: Torque
The Physics of Dance
Relation Between Torque and Angular Acceleration
[physics/0505013] Torque or no torque?! The resolution of the ...
New Scientist Planet Science: Torque of the devil
Torque - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Museum of Unworkable Devices Physics Gallery


TUTORIALS - PHYSICS

Physics Tutorial Menu
The Physics Classroom
Learn Physics Today!
Physics Tutorials
Online Physics Tutorials
DOLORES GENDE: PHYSICS TUTORIALS
Physics 2000
Open Directory - Science: Physics: Education: Tutorials
GCSE.com: revising revision

REMEDIAL
Dimensional Analysis
Graphing Oscillating Fns.
Trigonometry
Graphing Simple Fns.
Graphing Log Paper
Logarithms
Algebra
Vectors
Unit Conversions
 Significant digits
TUTORIALS
Torque and Rotational Motion
DC Circuits
Free-Body Diagrams
Exponent. Growth and Decay
Simple Harmonic Motion

MATHCAD EXERCISES
PHYS*1130
PHYS*3220


BIOPHYSICS TUTOR
Selected Text Problem Solutions(1080)
 Solutions to Self Tests

SAMPLE EXAMS
Help room hours
 
Extra Problems

 

Clemson U. Physics Excel Tutorial 
Physics Lab Tutorials
HyperPhysics
UCLA - IGPP SSC Tutorial Articles
Zona Land, Home
The Net Advance of Physics
Solar Physics Tutorial by Marshall Space Flight Center
Physics 2000
GCSE Physics Tutorials on Electricity
Physics tutorial by Roman Goc
TEXTBOOKS, LECTURE NOTES AND TUTORIALS IN MATHEMATICS
The Physics Classroom
Space and Solar Physics Tutorials
School of Physics: Academics==>Tutorial and Demos
MTU Physics Tutorials on the Web
HyperPhysics Concepts
Draft Tutorials in Soil Physics
On-Line Tutorials & References
Tutorials in Introductory Physics
Budker Group Physics Tutorials
Physics Tutorials
N Tutorials - Collision Detection and Response
Introductory Physics Tutorials - Physics Forums Library
Advanced Physics Tutorials - Physics Forums Library
Macromedia Flash MX Math Physics Tutorials
GameDev.net -- Math and Physics
UCLA - IGPP Space Physics Tutorial/ Magnetospshere
MRIMAIN2
WLAP - Browse Resources

TUTORIALS WITH MATHCAD

Dr. Miron Kaufman's instructional MathCAD files
Physics Tutorial Menu
Mathcad Files
News: Mathcad 13.1 Academic Pack < Hearne Scientific Software
MATHCAD, MATLAB, maple & mathematica
mathcad problem
Home Page of Don Sparlin
[PDF] Introduction to the use of MATHCAD on the PC
Mathcad
School of Physics--Tutorial: Great Sites
School of Physics--Tutorial: Great Sites
News: Mathcad 13.1 Academic Pack < Hearne Scientific Software
Circuit Sage: Inductor Tools and Links
learning centers
[PDF] A computer based physics tutorial for simultaneous use at the ...
Physics
physics information
Physics Related Software Manuals/Links
Circuit Sage: Inductor Tools and Links
mathcad problem
[PDF] A Computer-Based "Laboratory" Course in Mathematical Methods f
Physics 114
Physics 370 Advanced Mathematical Methods of Physics
[DOC] VILLANOVA UNIVERSITY
[PDF] UNIVERSITY PHYSICS I PHY241/243 COMPUTER LAB #1: TUTORIAL AND
Barry Pointon's Web Pages
Emailwire.com: Press Releases; Press Release Distribution Service
MathSoft To Host The Physics Classroom Physics Tutorial 


HEAT

HEAT CLIFF NOTES: http://www.cliffsnotes.com/study_guide/Heat.topicArticleId-10453,articleId-10428.html
SparkNotes: SAT Physics: Heat and Temperature
SparkNotes: SAT Physics: Heat Engines
Physics Encyclopedia: Temperature and Heat
BBC - GCSE Bitesize - Physics | Energy | Heat transfer
GCSE Physics: Heat Transfer: CONDUCTION
FHSST Physics Heat Matter:Heat and Properties of Matter 
Physics - Heat Transfer Notes
The Physics of Heat Processing Page
Heat (physics) - MSN Encarta
Physics Demonstrations - Heat
3D Physics - Heat - Martin Baker
Heat (Thermodynamics) Science Fair Projects
Building heat flux: measurement of heat flux through walls, the
The Open Door Web Site : IB Physics : Thermal Physics : Heat Pumps
Grau-Hall Scientific - Sacramento: Microscopes, owl pellets 
Heat and Temperature- Concepts
Thermal Dynamics - the Science of Heat / Physics
Sample Activity: Physics - Heat and Temperature
PHYSICS:Heat Flow Runs Into Quantum Limit -- Cho 288 (5466): 591
223 Physics Lab: Specific and Latent Heat
Specific Heat -- from Eric Weisstein's World of Physics
Physics 20: Specific Heat Capacity and Latent Heat
College Physics for Students of Biology and Chemistry - Heat Flow
The Open Door Web Site : IB Physics : Thermal Physics : The Heat 
Sensible Heat
Thermal Physics Unit 2 - Heat
physics resources
Modern Physics:Specific Heat - Wikibooks, collection of open ...
Specific Heat

Heat and Thermodynamics


GCSE Physics: Index
The Physics index links to the sections in which the following references are made.

ammeter

Current Electricity | Glossary | Ohm's Law | Parallel Circuits | Series Circuits | Voltage & Current

amp

Current Electricity | Glossary | Ohm's Law | Parallel Circuits | Series Circuits | Voltage & Current

amplitude

Amplitude

anion

Atoms | Glossary

asteroid

Asteroids | Meteorites | The Solar System

Asteroid Belt

Asteroids

atmosphere

Earth & Moon | Glossary

atom

Atoms | Glossary | Resistance & Resistors

battery

Cells & Batteries | Circuits | Glossary

big bang

The Big Bang | Evidence

black hole

Black Holes

cation

Atoms | Glossary

cell

Cells & Batteries | Circuits | Glossary | Ohm's Law | Voltage & Current

charge (electric)

Atoms | Glossary | Static Electricity

circuit (parallel)

Glossary | Parallel Circuits | Series Circuits

circuit (series)

Cells & Batteries | Glossary | Parallel Circuits | Series Circuits

coma

Comets

comet

Comets | Meteors | Meteorites | The Solar System

conduction

Conduction in non-metals | Conduction in metals

conductor

Current Electricity | Glossary | Resistance & Resistors

convection

Convection | Convection in rooms

corona

An eclipse

current

Current Electricity | Cells & Batteries | Electricity | Glossary | Ohm's Law | Parallel Circuits | Series Circuits | Resistance & Resistors | Voltage & Current

Critical Angle

Critical Angle

doppler shift

The Big Bang | Evidence

Earth

The Earth & Moon | An Eclipse | The Force of Gravity | The Planets | The Solar System | The Sun

earthquake

Earthquake waves

eclipse

An eclipse

electromagnetic spectrum

Electromagnetic Spectrum | Electromagnetic Spectrum 2

electromotive force

Glossary | Ohm's Law | Voltage & Current

electron

Atoms | Current Electricity | Electricity | Glossary | Resistance & Resistors | Static Electricity

element (chemical)

Atoms | Glossary

element (electric)

Circuits | Glossary | Resistance & Resistors

Franklin, Benjamin

Current Electricity

frequency

Frequency | Frequency 2

galaxies

Hubble Expansion

gamma

Gamma waves | Gamma wave uses |Gamma radiation | Penetration

gravity

Black Holes | The Force of Gravity | Gravity & Galaxies | Neutron Stars | Star Formation | The Sun

friction

Glossary | Static Electricity

Hale Bopp

Comets

helium

Star Formation | Main Sequence Stars

hydrogen

Star Formation | Main Sequence Stars

ion

Electricity | Glossary | Static Electricity

infra red

Infra Red

Jupiter

The Planets | The Solar System

kelvin

Red Giants | Glossary

kilogram

The Force of Gravity | Glossary

light

Visible light

light year

Light Travels | Light Years

longitudinal

Longitudinal waves

magnetism

Glossary

main sequence

Main Sequence Stars | Red Giants

mass

The Force of Gravity

matter

Atoms | Glossary

Mercury

The Force of Gravity | The Planets | The Solar System

meteor

Meteors

meteor shower

Meteors

microwaves

Microwaves

Milky Way

White Dwarfs

meteorite

Asteroids | Meteorites

moment

Moments | Balancing Moments

moon

The Earth & Moon | An Eclipse | The Planets

nebula

Star Formation

negative charge

Atoms | Current Electricity | Glossary | Static Electricity

negative ion

Atoms | Glossary

negative terminal

Cells & Batteries | Circuits | Current Electricity | Glossary

Neptune

The Planets | The Solar System

newton

The Force of Gravity | Glossary

nucleus

Atoms | Glossary

neutron

Atoms | Glossary | Static Electricity

neutron star

Neutron Stars

ohm

Glossary | Ohm's Law | Resistance & Resistors

Ohm, Georg

Glossary | Resistance & Resistors

Ohm's law

Glossary | Ohm's Law

particle

Atoms | Electricity | Glossary | Star Formation

penumbra

An Eclipse

planet

Asteroids | Earth & Moon | Meteorites | The Planets | The Solar System | The Sun

plasma

Glossary | Static Electricity

Pluto

The Planets | The Solar System

positive charge

Atoms | Cells & Batteries | Glossary | Star Formation

positive terminal

Cells & Batteries | Circuits

potential difference

Glossary | Voltage & Current

proton

Atoms | Glossary | Static Electricity

protostar

Star Formation

Proxima Centuri

The Sun

pulsar

Neutron Stars

radiation

Radiation

radio

Neutron Stars | Radio waves

red shift

Redshift

red giant

Red Giants

reflection

Reflection

refraction

Refraction

resistance

Glossary | Ohm's Law | Resistance & Resistors

resistor

Glossary | Ohm's Law | Resistance & Resistors

satellite

Earth & Moon | Glossary

Saturn

The Planets | The Solar System

seismic waves

Seismic waves

shooting star

Meteors

singularity

Black Holes

solar system

Asteroids | Comets | The Force of Gravity | Meteorites | The Planets | The Solar System | The Sun

solar wind

Comets

spectrum

Electromagnetic Spectrum

star

Stars | The Sun

static

Electricity | Static Electricity

sun

Asteroids | Comets | Earth & Moon | An Eclipse | The Force of Gravity | The Planets | The Solar System | The Sun

supernova

Neutron Stars

Thomson, Sir Joseph J

Current Electricity

Total Internal Reflection

Total Internal Reflection | Critical Angle

ultra violet

Ultra violet

universal gravitational constant

The Force of Gravity | Glossary

universe

The Universe | What Next?

Uranus

The Planets | The Solar System

Venus

The Force of Gravity | The Planets | The Solar System

voltage

Glossary | Ohm's Law | Voltage & Current

wavelength

Wavelength

weight

The Force of Gravity

white dwarf

White Dwarfs

X-ray

Neutron Stars | X-rays


TUTORIALS ONLINE FREE

Amusement Park Physics by Learner.org

How do physics laws affect amusement park ride design?

 

College Physics for Students of Biology & Chemistry by Kenneth R. Koehler

This is a hypertextbook written for first-year undergraduate physics students.

 

Physics of Matter, Energy, Motion, and Forces by EncycloZine

Physics is a major branch of science, concerned with the fundamental components of the universe, the forces they exert on one another, and the results produced by these forces.

 

Simple Harmonic Motion by University of Guelph

Amplitude, Period, and Frequency, Phase, Initial Phase, Velocity and Acceleration

 

Introduction to Free Body Diagrams by University of Guelph

No doubt you are aware of free body diagrams (otherwise known as FBD's).

 

What is Torque? by University of Guelph

Torque is a measure of how much a force acting on an object causes that object to rotate.

 

Torque and Angular Acceleration by University of Guelph

In this section, we will develop the relationship between torque and angular acceleration. You will need to have a basic understanding of moments of inertia for this section.

 

The Quantum Theory by General Chemistry Online

The quantum theory that describes the behavior of electrons is a cornerstone in modern chemistry.

 

INVENTING

Inventing 101 NCIO

The amount of success gained by an inventor will be in direct proportion to the amount of education, effort and preparation.   Stephen Paul Gnass

SEARCH 101science.com pages:

Search 101science.com pages:
 

THEN: VERY IMPORTANT!!
 
Use you browser's "Find on this page" capability to search for words on a page.  
Usually Ctrl + F will work
.

 


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